segunda-feira, 18 de novembro de 2013

GRAÚNA


GRAÚNA

The Chopi (derived from the Tupi "Guira-one" = black bird) is a passerine bird in the Icteridae family. Also known as street-black (Maranhão), pluck corn, Chopim hickey (Mato Grosso), assum-black, cupid, Blackbird and blackbird.
Among the many inspirations to popular songs, this stands out for its letter and strength in the voice of Luiz Gonzaga:

All around is only beauty
April sun and the forest in bloom
But assum black, blind from oio
Not seeing the light, oh, sing of pain
But assum black, blind from oio
Not seeing the light, oh, sing of pain
This song tells a cruel act between fowlers, especially the northeast, which pierced (in some regions still do) the eyes of the black assum thinking that this way he would sing more in the cage. This bizarre procedure is also done with the thrush.
In the literature, José de Alencar wrote the novel Iracema:
In addition, beyond that mountain, which still azula on the horizon, was born Iracema.
Iracema, a virgin honey lips, which had the darkest hair that wing Chopi, and longer than your palm whittle.
The Jati the comb was not as sweet as her smile (...)
In the subspecies Gnorimopsar chopi chopi there is a subspecies called Gnorimopsar chopi sulcirostris. Both are equal, but the sulcirostris is greater and there is the north / northeast, while the chopi is smaller and there in the south / southeast of Brazil.
His name means the (Greek) = gnorimos remarkable; and Psar, psarus = starling; and (Guarani) chopi onomatopoeia that references the corner of (blackbird - thrush chopi). ⇒ (remarkable bird like starling). Remember that the reference to European birds is common, for ornithologists who described the first time these species were association and concerned the birds they knew in the old world.
features

Measures 21.5 to 25.5 cm long. It is all black including legs, beak, eyes and feathers hence one of its common names black bird, puppies and young people do not have feathers around the eyes. This is one of the most melodious voice of birds of this country. The female also sings.
food

Omnivore. Come fruits, seeds, insects, spiders and other invertebrates. Enjoy the mature coconut palm of Buriti. Catch insects run over on the roads and enjoy corn remains close to human or unearths newly planted seeds dwellings.
reproduction

It reaches sexual maturity at 18 months. Nests in hollow trees, palm trunks, woodpecker nests in stakes, within the plume of coconut trees and the dense canopy of pines, also using abandoned nests of Rufous-clay. Occupies holes also in bounds and terrestrial termite mounds. Sometimes it makes an open nest, situated in a fork of a distant branch of the trunk, in a dense tree and high. Each litter is generally between 3 and 4 eggs having 2 to 3 offspring per season. The young are born after 14 days and staying in the nest 18 days. The male helps to raise their young.
habits

It is common in agricultural areas, buritizais, pine forests, grasslands and wetlands, plantations of isolated trees, dead, remnants of the forest. Its presence is associated with palm trees. Normally lives in small groups that make a lot of noise. Lands on the ground or in shaded trees. Some people confuse the Chopi with the cheeky turns shit (Molothrus bonariensis), famous for parasitize the nest of several species (ex .: fret). While the turn-dung is very elegant, slender and costumes shimmering violet tone robes, the Chopi is black and more large size, and knowing nest, not neglecting the creation of noisy offspring. Subspecies occurs in the northeast (Gnorimopsar chopi sulcirostris), which is greater, measuring 25.5 cm in length. When sings shivers the feathers of the head and neck.

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